Types of Pigmentation & Remedies

Pigmentation issues are commonly encountered in sunny Singapore. There are many types of pigmentation and they can be lightened with proper home care and clinical treatments.

Vale Medical Aesthetics - Types of Pigmentation
Types of Pigmentation

Treatments available at our clinic

  1. PicoLO laser treatment

PicoLO laser is a next generation of picosecond Nd:YAG laser designed to treat pigmentation. Its ultra-short picoseconds pulse duration targets pigmentation more effectively, minimises discomfort plus downtime. It allows delivery of faster treatments with fewer sessions required.

In addition to treating pigmentation, PicoLO laser also helps to rejuvenate the skin and reduce enlarged pores.

Most patients are able to tolerate the PicoLO laser without use of topical numbing cream. The sensation is usually likened to ants’ bites or a tingling feeling.

Treatment frequency: once a month.

Number of sessions: 6 sessions.

  • Chemical peel

Chemical peels are usually combined with PicoLO laser for better clearance of pigmentation. The types of chemicals that are used in our clinic include glycolic acid, salicylic acid and lactic acid. Chemical peels not only helps to lighten pigmentation, it clears dead skin cells and brightens up dull skin.

Most patients are suitable for chemical peels. In fact, it is a myth that chemical peels thins the skin. Chemical peels helps with turnover of the skin layers and reduces oil production, which makes it suitable for young patients with acne and acne scars post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Treatment frequency: once a month.

Number of sessions: 3-6 sessions.

Topical products available at our clinic

  1. Topical Cyspera

Cyspera is a product of Switzerland. This novel pigment corrector formulated with Cysteamine to address the appearance of discolouration and dark spots. It is very well tolerated and free of hydroquinone, retinoic acid and corticosteroid.

It is applied once a day on a rested skin for 15 minutes before washing off. The intensive phase consists of applying once a day daily for 16 weeks followed by the maintenance phase which consists of applying once a day, twice weekly.

  • Topical Crystal Tomato Beyond Sun Protection Cream

Crystal Tomato Beyond Sun Protection Cream has UV Protection (SPF75+), persistent pigment darkening (PPD) protection rating of 17+ (amongst the highest rating of UVA protection) and blue light protection (HEV 54%). It is also hypoallergenic and non-comedogenic, so it is gentle on sensitive skin prone to redness and doesn’t clog pores or worsen acne.

Oral supplements

Crystal Tomato Skin Whitening Supplements

  • It improves skin quality, reduces collagen degradation, enhances the effects of sunscreen and increase the skin’s natural SPF by up to 20%.
  • It protects against UVA & UVB, protects against environmental stress (free radicals), prevents DNA damage due to oxidative stress, inhibits melanin synthesis and diminishes existing melasma and hyperpigmentation.
  • It also lightens and evens skin tone, prevents premature ageing, leading to smoother, healthier skin texture

Dose frequency: One caplet once a day.

General advice

  • Try to avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. because the sun’s rays are most intense during this time, try to schedule outdoor activities for other times of the day.
  • Apply sunscreen 15 to 30 minutes before going outdoors, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30. Apply sunscreen generously and reapply every two hours — or more often if you’re swimming or perspiring.
  • Cover up. For protection from the sun, wear tightly woven clothing that covers your arms and legs and a broad-brimmed hat, which provides more protection than does a baseball cap or golf visor. Consider wearing clothing designed to provide sun protection. Look for clothes labeled with an ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) of 40 to 50 to get the best protection, especially for swimming or doing sports in the sun.

Schedule an appointment with us so we can advise you on the best treatment regime for your skin!

Disclaimer: The material contained in this article is for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The content is not intended to be a substitute for doctor’s advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

Dr Cheak Wan Ying
Dr Cheak Wan Ying

Ministry of Health Accredited Doctor

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS, NUS)
Master of Medicine in Family Medicine (NUS)

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